Welcome to part-3 of the series. This series have been inspired by this youtube tutorial from freecodecamp.

We have added two more authors and some of their books, by the mutations from part-2.

More BooksMore Books

We will now update our return statements, so that our Queries works again. Now, they contain mongodb methods to get the data. So, let’s edit our schema.js

…
…
const BookType = new GraphQLObjectType({
    name: 'Book',
    fields: ( ) => ({
        id: { type: GraphQLID },
        name: { type: GraphQLString },
        genre: { type: GraphQLString },
        author: {
            type: AuthorType,
            resolve(parent, args){
                //return authors.find(item => item.id === parent.authorId);
                return Author.findById(parent.authorId);
            }
        }
    })
});

const AuthorType = new GraphQLObjectType({
    name: 'Author',
    fields: ( ) => ({
        id: { type: GraphQLID },
        name: { type: GraphQLString },
        age: { type: GraphQLInt },
        books: {
            type: new GraphQLList(BookType),
            resolve(parent, args){
                //return books.filter(obj => obj.authorId === parent.id);
                return Book.find({authorId: parent.id});
            }
        }
    })
});

const RootQuery = new GraphQLObjectType({
    name: 'RootQueryType',
    fields: {
        book: {
            type: BookType,
            args: { id: { type: GraphQLID } },
            resolve(parent, args){
                //return books.find(item => item.id === args.id);
                return Book.findById(args.id);
            }
        },
        author: {
            type: AuthorType,
            args: { id: { type: GraphQLID } },
            resolve(parent, args){
                //return authors.find(item => item.id === args.id);
                return Author.findById(args.id);
            }
        },
        books: {
            type: new GraphQLList(BookType),
            resolve(parent, args){
                //return books;
                return Book.find({});
            }
        },
        authors: {
            type: new GraphQLList(AuthorType),
            resolve(parent, args){
                //return authors;
                return Author.find({});
            }
        }
    }
});
…
…

Now, let’s check whether our Queries are working correctly. First query is to get all the Books.

Get all booksGet all books

The next one is to get all Authors with their books.

Get all authorsGet all authors

Next, is to get details of a book

Details of a bookDetails of a book

And the last one is to get details of an author

Details of an authorDetails of an author

Now, there is a minor issue in our logic. We can add a new book or author, with less fields. Consider the below case, where we add a book only with it’s name.

Junk BookJunk Book

We can verify in mongoDB also.

mongoDB verification.mongoDB verification.

Now, to avoid this we add a new GraphQL property GraphQLNonNull

So, open your schema.js and do the changes, marked in bold.

…
…
const { GraphQLObjectType, GraphQLString, GraphQLSchema, GraphQLID, GraphQLInt, GraphQLList, GraphQLNonNull } = graphql;
…
…
const Mutation = new GraphQLObjectType({
    name: 'Mutation',
    fields: {
        addAuthor: {
            type: AuthorType,
            args: {
                name: { type: new GraphQLNonNull(GraphQLString) },
                age: { type: new GraphQLNonNull(GraphQLInt) }
            },
            resolve(parent, args){
                let author = new Author({
                    name: args.name,
                    age: args.age
                });
                return author.save();
            }
        },
        addBook: {
            type: BookType,
            args: {
                name: { type: new GraphQLNonNull(GraphQLString) },
                genre: { type: new GraphQLNonNull(GraphQLString) },
                authorId: { type: new GraphQLNonNull(GraphQLID) }
            },
            resolve(parent, args){
                let book = new Book({
                    name: args.name,
                    genre: args.genre,
                    authorId: args.authorId
                });
                return book.save();
            }
        }
    }
});
…
…

Now, if we go to our Graphiql we won’t be able to add anything without mandatory fields.

Not null not allowedNot null not allowed

Next, we will add front-end logic which is React in our App. So, go ahead to your root directory and create a client with create-react-app.

create-react-appcreate-react-app

Next, we start our react client.

cd and npmcd and npm

Now, we have our client running at port 3000 and server running at port 4000.

Next, we clear some of the junk which comes with react app. In your src folder of client, delete everything except App.js, index.js and

Keep bare-bonesKeep bare-bones

Also, keep the index.js simple as below.

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import './index.css';
import App from './App';

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('root'));

Now, the App.js to be changed like below.

import React from 'react';


function App() {
  return (
    <div className="main">
      <h1>Top books to Read</h1>
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;

And the index.css as below.

body {
  font-family: "Helvetica Neue", sans-serif;
}

It will render our react app like below.

Our React appOur React app

Now, create a new folder components inside src directory and add a file BookList.js to it.

BookList.jsBookList.js

Next, we will add a class based component in BookList.js.

import React, { Component } from 'react'

class BookList extends Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <div>
          <ul className="book-list">
            <li>Book Name</li>
          </ul>
      </div>
    )
  }
}

export default BookList;

Next, add this component in App.js

import React from 'react';
import BookList from './components/BookList';

function App() {
  return (
    <div className="main">
      <h1>Top books to Read</h1>
      <BookList />
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;

We will need a GraphQL client to contact, our GraphQL server and the one which we will use is Apollo.

Go ahead and stop your client and install the below packages needed for graphql client.

npm install apollo-boost react-apollo graphql --save

GraphQL clientGraphQL client

Note: Ran into an issue here, after npm install apollo-boost react-apollo graphql — save. Found the solution online and it was to delete node_modules folder inside client and do yarn install

Now, let’s start using graphql. We will edit our BookList.js file to get data from graphql server.

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { gql } from 'apollo-boost';
import { graphql } from 'react-apollo';

const getBooksQuery = gql

{ books { name id } } ;
class BookList extends Component { render() { console.log(this.props); return (

  • Book Name
) } }
export default graphql(getBooksQuery)(BookList);

On checking what we are getting through console.log, we get a nasty cors error.

cors errorcors error

So, we will install the cors module in our server. Stop the server and npm install it.

cors installcors install

Now, go to app.js inside server folder and add cors

const express = require('express');
const graphqlHTTP = require('express-graphql');
const schema = require('./schema/schema');
const mongoose = require('mongoose');
const cors = require('cors');
const app = express();

app.use(cors());

mongoose.connect('mongodb://nabsNew:delete1@ds159546.mlab.com:59546/graphql-react');
mongoose.connection.once('open', () => {
    console.log('Conneted to database');
});

app.use('/graphql', graphqlHTTP({
    schema,
    graphiql: true
}));

app.listen(4000, () => {
    console.log('Listening at port 4000');
});

Now, refresh your App and you won’t get the error.

Won’t get cors errorWon’t get cors error

Now, that we are getting our books correctly we will update our BookList.js to show the books on screen.

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { gql } from 'apollo-boost';
import { graphql } from 'react-apollo';

const getBooksQuery = gql

{ books { name id } } ;
class BookList extends Component { displayBooks() { var data = this.props.data; if (data.loading) { return (

Loading books...
); } else { return data.books.map(book => { return (
  • {book.name}
  • ); }) } }
    render() { console.log(this.props); return (
      {this.displayBooks()}
    ) } }
    export default graphql(getBooksQuery)(BookList);

    Here, we added a method displayBooks() to display the books. If you have noticed the console.log in the earlier part, the first time an empty list is rendered when loading is true. We get out book list only on second part when loading is false.

    The LoadingThe Loading

    This completes our call and we get all our books displayed on the App.

    Top Books to readTop Books to read

    This concludes part-3 of the series. You can find code till here in the github link.

    This post is also available on DEV.